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60 years of textile machinery industry: build a large-scale textile machinery manufacturing industry by self-reliance

after 60 years of tortuous development, China's textile machinery industry has become a pillar industry with complete categories, meeting industry needs, and independent R & D and innovation capabilities. In the early days of the founding of new China, the state adopted a series of policies and regulatory means to support the steady development of the textile machinery industry. Through the development of the previous "Five-Year Plan", China's textile machinery manufacturing industry has never had the production capacity to develop to a scale of multi variety, serialization and mass production. Today, China's textile machinery industry is making unremitting efforts to realize the transformation of China's textile industry from large to strong

comprehensive layout rises rapidly

in old China, although the textile machinery industry has a history of about half a century, its development is very slow. Until the eve of the displacement measurement of the transverse moire fringe of the grating, it was still mainly engaged in the repair business. At that time, most of the machinery and equipment used in the textile industry were imported from abroad

after the founding of new China, China's textile machinery industry developed rapidly through the confiscation of bureaucratic capital enterprises, the socialist transformation of national capital enterprises and the construction of new enterprises. During the "first five year plan" period, the textile machinery industry in New China has begun to take shape, realizing the transformation from mainly repairing to mainly manufacturing. During this period, the factories that confiscated bureaucratic capital, Shanghai No.1 and No.2 machinery factories, Qingdao No.1 machinery factory and Tianjin No.1 machinery factory, were changed into state-owned enterprises. They also accepted the headquarters, branches and Far East clothing factory of China Textile Machinery Co., Ltd. and were changed into public-private enterprises. At the same time, a number of large-scale new enterprises such as Jingwei Textile Machinery Factory, Zhengzhou Textile Machinery Factory and Shenyang textile machinery factory were successively built, It has strengthened the manufacturing force of China's textile machinery

in order to improve people's lives and enrich market supply, since the second half of 1960, the former Ministry of textile industry has organized scientific research and machinery manufacturing forces to actively carry out resource investigation, technical research and equipment trial production related to the chemical fiber industry. On the basis of summarizing the experience of introducing Baoding chemical fiber factory and absorbing foreign technology, relying on its own strength, it has designed and manufactured complete sets of viscose fiber equipment and equipped a number of medium-sized viscose fiber factories in Nanjing, Xinxiang, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jilin. In just a few years, the production of viscose rayon and cotton and wool viscose staple fibers has begun to take shape. By 1965, the national output of viscose fiber had reached 44900 tons, making a good start in the development of China's chemical fiber industry

in the mid-1960s, with my 3 Materials change the resolution and dynamic performance (bandwidth) of the experimental machine. China's economic development is on the right track. Scientific research and technological innovation in China's textile industry are booming, and major progress and breakthroughs have been made in many aspects. In May, 1966, the Ministry of textile industry held a national exhibition of technological innovation achievements in the textile industry in Shanghai, which collected more than 10000 innovation projects and exhibited more than 3000, of which 10% reached or approached the world's advanced level at that time. Many achievements have been widely used in production by the 1970s, which has improved the scientific research and technical level of the textile industry. On the basis of the rapid progress of textile science and technology, the cotton textile, cotton printing and dyeing complete sets of equipment have been systematically improved, and have also approached the world's advanced level

however, in the "Cultural Revolution" that lasted for 10 years, the textile machinery industry suffered a serious impact, and the output once fell. In terms of the manufacturing of synthetic fiber equipment, thanks to the personal efforts of the central leadership, it was basically smoothly implemented. Four large-scale chemical fiber projects in Shanghai, Tianjin, Liaoyang and Sichuan were successively built, with a total scale of more than 400000 tons. Together with the original enterprises, the total scale of China's chemical fiber industry can reach the level of 650000 tons per year

take off in the reform and opening up

after the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the development of China's textile machinery industry has accelerated, and various economic indicators have reached unprecedented levels. The output of textile machinery has increased significantly through the ways of tapping the internal potential of old enterprises, expanding points, changing production, and organizing specialized cooperation. In 1982, the annual output of 179 enterprises undertaking the national plan was 243900 tons, an increase of 72.8% over 1976. This period witnessed another climax in the development history of China's textile machinery

with the opening of the country, we see that China's textile machinery industry is still relatively weak, and the rapid development of foreign textile machinery industry has left us far behind. Therefore, China clearly included the overall rapid development plan of the textile industry in the national economic development plan of the Seventh Five Year Plan. In the supporting plan formulated by the Ministry of textile industry, technological transformation is included in an important chapter, and 13 complete sets of equipment are clearly proposed for transformation and development. 8 complete sets of equipment are listed as the top priority, with emphasis on the development of 181 single products. With the effective implementation of this plan, some products have narrowed the gap with foreign equipment in terms of technical level

During the Eighth Five Year Plan period, the Ministry of textile industry decided to focus on the technological progress and transformation of the textile industry. The first is to eliminate 1million backward cotton spindles left over before liberation, and speed up the localization of new spinning machines with automatic winders, shuttleless looms, steel cleaning machines and new combers as the "top four priorities"

in order to solve the shortage of funds for technological development of enterprises and improve the equipment level of textile enterprises, during the "Ninth Five Year Plan" period, the state took more active financial measures and provided hundreds of millions of yuan of discount loans to help enterprises solve the problem of capital shortage caused by technological development and introduction, laying a foundation for the improvement of the overall level of the industry. Du Yuzhou, President of China Textile Industry Association, said that the China Textile Industry Association should focus on the key work of "ten new complete sets of projects leading to the upgrading of textile machinery industry" around taking the road of new chemical industry, and pointed out that the "ten complete sets of projects" have guided the industrial technology upgrading and structural adjustment of the textile industry, and promoted the technological progress and product development of the textile machinery industry. In particular, polyester staple fiber complete sets, viscose complete sets, shuttleless looms, and knitting machinery projects have begun to play a role in the industry, and have achieved remarkable results, promoting the improvement of the overall technical level of the textile industry

although the development of China's textile machinery industry has gone through an extraordinary journey, decades of practice have proved that it is basically a successful experience to build a certain scale of textile machinery manufacturing industry and implement their own equipment and policies. It is in line with China's national conditions and has played a major role in accelerating the development of the textile industry. The textile machinery industry not only basically ensures the needs of the development of the textile industry in terms of the number of equipment provided, but also pays attention to the development of product varieties, forms a relatively complete range of product series, basically meets the production needs of domestic enterprises, and plays an important role in the development of production capacity and technical level of various industries in the textile industry, as well as the increase of textile varieties

marching towards the world manufacturing center

through decades of continuous efforts, with breakthroughs in key research projects, scientific and technological achievements independently developed by textile machinery and equipment enterprises across the country have come out one after another, and HP, which has vigorously promoted the technical level of China's textile industry, is equipped with the next generation of multi-agent test bed

the achievements made in the research and development of chemical fiber equipment have brought great benefits to the development of China's chemical fiber industry. Just 20 years ago, it required an investment of 1billion yuan to build a chemical fiber enterprise with an annual production capacity of 10000 tons. Now, it only needs an investment of more than 100million yuan to build a chemical fiber enterprise with an annual production capacity of 100000 tons. In 1986, the 15000 ton polyester staple fiber complete equipment developed by Zhengzhou Textile machinery factory passed the national appraisal, which is of significance to break the foreign monopoly. In the following years, Hongyuan Group developed high-speed elastic yarn machine, Zheng spinning machine successfully developed the main supporting equipment of wet acrylic fiber and the first domestic dry and wet acrylic fiber device technology transformation project, and the fully automatic drum changing winding head and 150000 tons/year pulp ester device developed by the machinery factory of the Chinese Academy of Textile Sciences have made important contributions to the rapid development of China's chemical fiber industry

while praising the achievements of China's chemical fiber equipment, we are also amazed by the domestic cotton spinning equipment seen at the China International Textile Machinery Exhibition. 20 years ago, it was difficult for China to compete with foreign cotton spinning equipment, and high-end equipment was basically imported. At that time, the high-end complete set of equipment - blowing carding unit was basically the world of foreign capital. At that time, the average price of imported equipment with 10000 ingots was 12million yuan, and some even reached 15million yuan. In order to reverse this situation, the state gave great support to the textile industry in terms of policies and funds, and achieved fruitful results

Gao Yong, vice president of China Textile Industry Association and President of China Textile machinery and equipment industry association, said that the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" is a critical period for the textile industry to establish its position as a textile power, and many indicators of a textile power can only be achieved through the application of advanced equipment. Therefore, in this critical period, after analyzing the actual needs of textile enterprises and the weaknesses of domestic textile machinery industry, we put forward 10 key complete sets of projects. To complete these 10 complete sets of projects, hundreds or even thousands of technologies and products need to be tackled. At the end of the tenth five year plan, the textile machinery industry has started the development and production of 10 projects. Now some products have achieved results, laying a good foundation for the full completion of 10 complete sets of projects during the eleventh five year plan

When talking about the position of China's textile machinery industry in the international market in the next five years, Gao Yong said that in the past 20 years, the production scale of China's textile machinery itself has been expanding due to the pull of domestic and Asian market demand. At the same time, world-renowned textile machinery enterprises have also successively invested and set up factories in China. The production scale of these enterprises in China has reached 1/3 of the output of textile machinery in China, and the number of enterprises investing in China is increasing. In addition to supplying the domestic market, the equipment produced by foreign-funded enterprises is also exported in large quantities and even sold back to the country of origin. This means that China will not only be the largest textile machinery demand market, but also is becoming the Asian textile machinery manufacturing center, and even the world textile machinery manufacturing center

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